The pituitary gland, which is located in the center of the skull, just behind the bridge of the nose, is about the size of a pea. It is an important link between the nervous system and the endocrine system and releases many hormones which affect growth, sexual development, metabolism and the system of reproduction.
Because the pituitary controls the function of most other endocrine oval gland at the base of the brain, in the fossa (depression) of the sphenoid bone,which produces a number of different hormones . It oversees hormone production by the sex glands (the ovaries, in women), adrenal glands, and thyroid gland. Pituitary disorders (such as tumors) can cause amenorrhea -- and, thus, be mistaken for early menopause.
The pituitary secrets several hormones which are as follows:
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